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考研英語_復試聽力、口語的備考大攻略

2022-08-28信息舉報

  很多考研的同學們經常在參加復試的時候不知道聽力和口語要怎么進行下去,今天小編就來為大家說一下究竟考研復試要怎么進行備考。

  一、考研復試英語聽力備考攻略

  復試中,考官對英語的聽說能力考查較多,有時甚至會涉及一些專業性問題。導師也大都比較在意自己弟子的英語水平。

  (一) 考研復試英語聽力題型

  雖然不同的學??疾斓念}型不同,但總的來說,考研復試英語聽力題型可以分為兩大類:

  1. 客觀題

  若要細分,還可以將其分為:

 ?、賹υ?。這種對話通常比較短小,基本上就是兩個人的簡單對話,和四六級的聽力差不多。這類題型較為簡單。

 ?、谄吕斫?。這個題材通常是傳記、論述、人文或者是地理研究類的文章。

 ?、勐爩?,就是我們常說的dictation。英語專業的人都比較熟悉這部分,這是英語專業四級中必考的題型。通常是讓你補全一段話中的空格,或者是聽寫全文。這個難度較大,平常需要認真復習。

  2. 主觀題

  這里的主觀題,其實就是我們在高中英語中常見到的一種題型:retell,先聽錄音或者是聽導師讀,然后將聽到的內容進行大致上的含義復述即可。

  (二) 備考方法

  1. 多渠道獲取復試信息

  盡管聽力考試是復試中的必考科目之一,但是每個學??疾斓姆绞娇赡苈杂胁煌?。

  因此,各位考生應該通過各種渠道了解:目標院校往年的英語聽力的考察難度、考察范圍及常用材料,了解聽力在整個復試中所占的分數權重,以及本專業對英語聽力的要求程度等。

  英語聽力部分,大多數學校都以現有的成型考試為參考??忌趶土晻r可以有針對性地做一些六級或托福聽力或雅思聽力或新聞英語聽力的試題,找找做題的節奏和感覺。

  在了解相關信息之后,考生可結合自己的情況,制定出相應的備考計劃,進行針對性訓練。

  2. 精聽和泛聽相結合

  精聽需要我們把每一個句乃至每一個單詞都寫出來。

  在寫的過程中,考生可以很快發現自己在哪一方面需要加強訓練,是在語音方面、語調方面、詞匯方面,還是文化背景知識方面。泛聽,是指考生聽錄音材料的時候,只需要將材料中的關鍵信息抓住,不必把聽到的每一句都寫出來。

  如果考生聽力較弱,建議前期以精聽訓練為主。

  3. 遵循先聽后看的訓練方法

  考生一定要先聽錄音,把錄音聽2遍、3遍、甚至更多遍,直到聽不出任何新的內容為止,再看錄音文字材料。如果因為自己聽不懂,就忙著看文字材料,就把聽力訓練變成了閱讀訓練。

  4. 邊聽邊記、記憶關鍵詞

  例如:數字信息、人物關系、人物身份、地點方向、態度方向、建議意見、弦外之音。

  5. 熟記邏輯關系詞,把握語篇重點內容

  例如:表轉折、遞進、總結等邏輯關系的詞。

  二、考研復試英語口語必備

  對口語的考查,首先應準備有關自我介紹的話題,要盡量達到流利的程度。

  另外要準備一些可談論的話題,如風俗習慣、社會上發生的大事等等。最后,由于口語測試時老師有可能要求你就本專業展開話題,考查你用英語講解陌生概念的能力,因此熟悉本專業常用的英語詞匯,適當閱讀最新的專業外文期刊是必要的。

  以下是考研復試面試經典60問,大家可以提前做好準備。

  What’s your name?

  Does your name have any special meaning?

  Where do you come from? / Where are you from?

  What kind of landscape surrounds your hometown?

  What is the climate like in your hometown?

  What is people’s favorite food in your region?

  What do you do during the Spring Festival?

  Can you describe one of the main festivals celebrated?

  Tell me something about the customs of your hometown.

  How long have you lived in XXX?

  What place in XXX do you like best? Why?

  Which is the best place you’ve been to China?

  What is the biggest problem you will face?

  Could you tell me something about your family?

  When will you get married?

  What social responsibilities should a post-graduate take?

  What difficulties do your parents have concerning their old age?

  Which kind of professor do you like best?

  What does friendship mean to you? What kind of people do you make friend with?

  What is your major?

  How do you like your major?

  When and where did you graduate? What qualifications have you obtained?

  What impressed you most when you were at university?

  What is the best university in your opinion?

  Could you sum up your own study habits in a few points?

  Do you think the subjects you are studying today are relevant to present-day society? Why?

  What do you do for a living?

  What are your job prospects?

  If you had the opportunity to change your subject, what would you do with it?

  What are your spare time interests?

  How do you spend your weekends?

  What is your favorite sport? What are the rules?

  What kind of films do you like best?

  What kind of music do you enjoy?

  Where have you been traveling to? Which place interested you most?

  Do you enjoy traveling? If yes, where and why?

  What kind of differences in the system of higher education between China and other countries?

  What problem do you think you will have in XXX?

  How will you overcome the difficulties?

  Do you think you will be able to cope with English-demands of your intended study program?

  What difficulties do you think you’ll encounter in your studies?

  What do you intend to study?

  Why did you choose our university?

  Would you want to be a volunteer during Olympic Games?

  If there were an opportunity of studying abroad, what would you do?

  Should you study more theory or do more practice? Give your reasons, please.

  What do you intend to do after you finish studying?

  What do you think of the future of China keeps an open policy?

  What do you regard as the most significant events in recent history?

  What aspect of English do you find the most difficult?

  How aware do you think people are nowadays about environmental issues?

  How serious is unemployment among young people?

  In your opinion, what are the most serious problems associated with modern life?

  What do you think have been the most important changes in your study field over the past 5 years?

  As there are more and more private cars, what do you think the government should do in order to encourage citizens to use public transport?

  How do you see yourself in ten years’ time?

  What business do you hope to have?

  What will you do if you cannot find a job after graduation?

  How do you afford your tuition?

  Does your family support your decision on studying? What help do they offer?

  三、其他事項

  (一) 考研復試注意事項

  1. 復試前要注意:認真準備復試。復試的主觀性很強,心態要平和些。不要過于害怕,其實老師很平易近人的。

  跨專業考研的學生要做好受打擊的心理準備,老師一般都會在專業問題上刁難你。

  2. 復試時要注意:一定要有禮貌,進去之后和出來之前一定向老師問好,千萬不要跟老師爭吵。

  遇到不會的題目不要說“我不會”,可以說一些與該問題相關的內容,要委婉一點!老師一般不會為難你的。氣氛很重要,一定不要把氣氛搞僵!

  3. 考研復試里最重要的是面試,占的比例相當大。

  同學們一定要重視復試機會,爭取一次通過!


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