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  Unit1 Women of achievement

  1. achieve

  【課文原句】She has achieved everything she wanted to do. (P3)

  【名師點撥】achieve v. 意為“完成;達到”,指經過長期努力而達到某目標、地位或標準等。其名詞形式為achievement,意為“成就;功績”,a sense of achievement可指“成就感”。


  He had finally achieved success. 他最終取得了成功。

  Even a small success gives you a sense of achievement. 甚至一個小小的成功都能給你一種成就感。

  2. condition

  【課文原句】She helped improve prison conditions and gave prisoners work and education. (P1)

  【名師點撥】condition 意為“環境;境況;條件”時,是可數名詞,常用復數形式conditions;意為“狀態;狀況”時,是不可數名詞,be in good condition表示“處于良好的狀態”,be out of condition表示“健康狀況不佳”。如:

  We should pay more attention to the poor living under the bad conditions. 我們應該更多的注意生活在惡劣條件下的窮人的生活。

  The astronauts soon got used to the condition of weightlessness.宇航員不久就習慣了這種失重的環境。

  My car is old but in good condition.我的車舊了但狀況良好。

  He is overweight and out of condition.他超重了,健康狀況不佳。

  【知識拓展】condition意為“條件”時,常用短語on condition that,表示“如果;在……條件下”;在美國英語中,也經常用under the condition that。如:

  I will come on condition that Peter is invited.如果皮特被邀請我就會來。

  3. devote

  【課文原句】She devoted all her life to medical work for Chinese women and children. (P1)

  【名師點撥】devote vt. 意為“投入于;獻身”,其賓語后常與介詞to搭配,to后接名詞、代詞或動名詞。devote … to … 意為“獻身;致力于”,指把自己、時間、精力等奉獻給某種工作或事業。如:

  He has devoted his whole life to benefiting mankind.他一生致力于造福人類。

  The girl, to whom he was devoted, died in a traffic accident by chance.

  After he has retired, he will devote himself to gardening.他退休后,將致力于園藝。

  4. behave

  【課文原句】Jane has studied these animals for many years and helped people understand how much they behave like humans. (P2)

  【名師點撥】behave vi & vt. 意為“舉動;舉止;行為表現”,如behave well/badly等。其名詞形式為behaviour,指“行為;態度;舉止”。如:

  The parents encouraged the children to behave well in front of the guests.父母鼓勵孩子們在客人面前表現良好。

  My camera has been behaving well since it was repaired.我的相機自從被修好以來一直很好用。

  Everyone praises the children's good behaviour.每個人都稱贊孩子們的良好行為。

  5. worthwhile

  【課文原句】But the evening makes it all worthwhile. (P2)

  【名師點撥】worthwhile adj.意為“值得做的;值得出力的”,可作表語或定語。be worthwhile to do/doing sth表示“值得做……”,在動詞-ing形式的結構中,worthwhile有時可以用來替代worth,特別是在表示“值得花時間”這一概念時。如:

  I think teaching school is always a worthwhile job. 我認為學校教學一直是一個有價值的工作。

  The book referred to by the professor is worthwhile/worth reading. 這本被教授提到的書是值得讀的。

  6. observe

  【課文原句】Jane spent many years observing and recording their daily activities. (P2)

  【名師點撥】observe vt. 意為“觀察;觀測;遵守”,可用observe sb do sth,observe + that從句。其名詞形式為observation。如:

  I observed the man who murdered the boy enter the shop.我觀察到謀殺男孩的男人進了商店。

  He observed that we should probably have rain.他觀測到可能會下雨。

  Most information was collected by direct observation of the animals’ behaviour.通過觀察動物的行為,很多信息被收集起來。

  7. argue

  【課文原句】She has argued for them to be left in the wild and not used for entertainment or advertisements. (P2)

  【名師點撥】argue作動詞時,意為“爭論;爭吵;爭辯”。argue for意為“為……辯護”;argue with sb about/over sth指“就某事和某人爭論”;argue against意為“據理反對;爭辯……”。如:

  It is no use arguing for the plan because it has been rejected.為這個計劃爭論是沒有用的,因為它已經拒絕了。

  We are always arguing with each other about money. 關于金錢,我們總是和彼此爭吵。

  Father argued fiercely against any increase in expenditure for the children’s annual party. 爸爸強烈反對增加孩子們年度聚會的開支。

  【知識拓展】argue的名詞形式為argument,意為“爭論;爭端;論證”,常構成短語settle an argument指“解決爭端”。

  9. care for

  【課文原句】It was a small book explaining how to cut the death rate from having and caring for babies by following some rules for keeping babies clean and healthy. (P6)

  【名師點撥】care for可以表示look after的意思,意為“照顧;照料”,且較正式;也可表示“喜歡”的意思。如:

  His son cared for him when he was ill.他生病時,他的兒子照顧他。

  In fact, I don’t really care for basketball.事實上,我真的不喜歡打籃球。

  另外,在上面的句子中,explain意為“解釋,說明”,后可接名詞、代詞、從句或wh + to do作賓語,可用explain sth to sb或explain to sb sth。如:

  Will you explain to us how we can finish the work as soon as possible?


  【知識拓展】care about意為“介意;在乎”,表示是否認為某事是重要的,某事是否引起了某人的興趣或使其憂慮。最常用于疑問句或否定句中。about用在賓語前面,但是在連詞前面一般省掉。

  I don’t care about your opinion.我不在乎你的意見。

  I don’t care whether it rains — I’m happy.我不在乎是否下雨。——我很開心。

  10. intend

  【課文原句】I looked carefully at the text and realised that it was intended for women who lived in the countryside. (P6)

  【名師點撥】intend v. 意為“打算;計劃;想要”。intend to do sth意為“想干某事”;intend后也可以接動詞-ing形式或that從句。intend for表示“原打算給某人;準備讓……干……”。如:

  I intended to come to your house last night but it rained.


  He hadn’t really intended that they should be there.


  This gift is intended for you.




  1. 前綴



  un-unhappy unfinished undress

  dis- disagree disbelieve

  in[il-(在字母l前),im-(在字母m,b,p前),ir(在字母r前)]-inaccurate illegal impolite imbalance irregular

  mis-misbehave mislead mistake

  non-nonstop nonsmoker


  en-“使……” enrich enlarge encourage

  inter-“相互” international intercontinental

  re-“再,又,重” rethink retell recycle

  tele-“遠程的” telescope telephone telegraph

  auto-“自動的” automatic automobile

  co-“共同” coworker cooperate coexist

  anti-“反對,抵抗” antiwar antifreeze antinuclear

  multi-“多” multistory multicultural multicolor

  bi-“雙,二”bicycle bilingual bilateral

  micro-“極小的,微小的” microwave microcomputer

  over-“太多,過分” overwork overdo overestimate

  self-“自己,本身” self-centered self-confident self-control

  under-“在……下面,……下的,不足的” underline, underground, underestimate, underrate

  2. 后綴


  -able “可……的,具有……的” acceptable drinkable knowledgeable reasonable

  -al“與……有關的” physical, magical, political

  -an“屬于某地方的人” American African

  -ern“方向” southern, northern, eastern

  -ful/ less“(沒)有……的” helpful, useful, homeless, hopeless

  -ish“如……的;有……特征的” foolish childish selfish

  -ive“有……傾向的” active attractive expensive

  -en“由……制成的” golden wooden woolen

  -ous“有(性質)的” famous, dangerous, poisonous

  -ly “有……性質的” friendly yearly daily

  -y“構成形容詞” noisy dusty cloudy


  -er / or“表人或用具” farmer, baker, visitor, professor, cooker, container

  -ese“某國(人)的” Chinese, Japanese

  -ian“某國、某地人;精通……的人” musician, Asian, Russian, technician

  -ist“某種主義或職業者” physicist, scientist, communist,socialist

  -ess“表女性,雌性” hostess, actress, princess

  -ment“行為或其狀態” government, movement, achievement

  -ness“性質,狀態” illness, sadness, carelessness

  -tion“動作,過程,結果” invention, organization, translation

  -ance/ ence“抽象;行為、性質、狀態” importance, appearance, absence, existence

  -th“性質、情況” depth, warmth, truth

  -ful“(滿的)量” handful, spoonful, mouthful

  -(a)bility“抽象、性質、狀態” possibility, disability, reliability

  -al“過程、狀態” survival, arrival, approval

  -y“性質、情況” modesty, delivery, honesty

  -dom“處于……狀態;性質” freedom, boredom

  -age“狀態,行為,身份及其結果” courage, storage, marriage


  -fy / ify“使得;變得” simplify, beautify, purify

  -en“使成為……;變得” shorten, deepen, sadden

  -ize“使成為” apologize, realize, specialize


  -ly“方式,程度” freely, truly, angrily

  ward(s)“向……” towards, forward, upwards


  -teen“十幾” fourteen, eighteen, thirteen

  -ty“整十位數” forty, fifty, sixty

  -th“序數詞” twelfth, twentieth

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